Pada artikel ini saya akan mencoba menjawab dan menjelaskan secara singkat beberapa contoh pertanyaan dan informasi yang sering muncul pada interview cadet jurusan Nautika perusahaan pelayaran internasional maupun domestik.
Bridge Navigation Equipment
Penjelasan saya dibawah HANYAsebagai acuan secara garis besar dengan bahasa inggris yang sederhana. Pertanyaan dari interviewer tidak sebatas informasi yang disediakan pada artikel ini, untuk lebih lengkapnya silahkan cari referensi melalui buku di perpustakaan akademi atau e-book nya langsung. Jadi, bukan berarti tulisan saya disini merupakan jawaban yang paling baik dan benar ketika interview, jadi anda harus mengembangkannya sendiri berdasarkan buku-buku dan referensi lain yang telah anda baca.
Ada beberapa bagian yang diulas, antara lain:
A.Conventions and Regulations
B.Life Saving Appliance & Fire Fighting Equipment*
*Silahkan unduh beberapa lampiran tugas ketika saya menjadi Cadet dulu pada bagian B dan C, sebagai tambahan detail informasi.
Semoga sukses selalu, selamat belajar and Bon Voyage!
The four most important pillars of the global maritime regulatory systems are: SOLAS, MARPOL, STCW, ILO-MLC.
·SOLAS = Safety of Life at Sea,The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea which adopted on 1 November 1974. SOLAS promoting safety of life at sea by creating a common agreement and rules which apply to all ships under the Contracting Government’s Flag of States.
SOLAS are covering regulations regarding, but not limited to, Life Saving Appliances (LSA), Fire Fighting Equipment (FFE), Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS), International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS), International Safety Management (ISM), International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG), Safety of Navigation etc.
·ISM Code = International Safety Management, is the standard for establishing system for the safe management and operation of the vessel and for pollution prevention. With obeying this code, it makes the ship a safer place to work, protects the sea and marine environment, and clearly defines the job as seaman.
·Life Saving Appliances (LSA) code= provide international standards for life-saving appliances, also contains recommendation on testing of life-saving appliances.
Example of personal life-saving appliances like lifebuoys, lifejacket, immersion suit anti-exposure suits and thermal protective aids; Visual aids: parachute flares, hand flares and buoyant smoke signal; survival craft: liferafts and lifeboat; rescue boats; launching and embarkation appliances; and general alarm and public address system.
·Fire Safety System (FSS) code= to provide international standards of specific engineering specifications for fire safety systems required by chapter II -2 of the SOLAS. The regulation covering the standard and specification of: International Shore Connection, Personnel protection against fire, portable fire extinguishers, fixed fire-extinguishing systems, Fire detection and alarm systems, emergency fire pumps, and arrangement of means of escape.
·Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) = to provide an effective search and rescue system on a global basis using advanced technology of satellite and terrestrial communications. Covering regulations regarding: Minimum ship’s radio equipment on sea areas A1, A2, A3 and A4, Information about GMDSS satellite providers, radio watches, maintenance of radio equipment
·International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) code = The regulations to improve the safe carriage and transport of dangerous goods in order to prevent injury to person, damage to ships and cargoes, and to prevent harm to the marine environment. The example of IMDG: Explosives material, Flammable gases, flammable liquids and solids, oxidizing substances, toxic and infectious substances, radioactive material, corrosive substances, miscellaneous dangerous substances and environmentally and other marine pollutants.
·Collision Regulation (COLREG) = Regulations and rules for the purpose of preventing collisions at sea between two vessels or more. COLREG become the International Navigation Rules, and we shall follow it to have a safe navigation for our vessel. COLREG has 38 Rules and 4 Annexes.
Especial COLREG rule to understand= 05 Look-out; 06 Safe Speed; 07 Risk of Collision; 08 Action to avoid Collision; 09 Narrow Channel; 10 Traffic Separation; 13 Overtaking; 14 Head-on Situations; 15 Crossing Situations; 16 The give-way vessel; 17 The stand-on vessel.
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·Standard Training and Certification of Watchkeeping for Seafarer (STCW) =Last STCW amendment was 2010 STCW Manila amendments. This convention give the details of the minimum requirement certificates need to hold and training to carry out before signing on a ship. STCW Convention purposes to provide the international standards necessary for training institutes and trainers to develop skills and competencies for seafarer.
·International Labor Convention (ILO) – Marine Labor Convention MLC 2006 = An International convention which was adopted on February 2006 at Geneva. This convention protects the rights and freedoms applicable for seaman as worker on ship. This convention is covering working hours and minimum rest hours, minimum wages, employment agreement, accommodation and recreational facilities on board, food and catering, medical care on board ship and ashore, and social security.
·Marine Pollution (MARPOL) =An International convention that aimed to preventing and minimizing pollution in marine environment by ships from routine operations or accidents. MARPOL has six annexes which preventing pollution from: Oil, Noxious Liquid, Harmful Substances in Package Form, Sewage, Garbage, and Air Pollution.
·LIFE JACKET=Provide support and buoyancy for person in the water, so they will staying afloat.
·Immersion suits= Highly visible waterproof materials to keep wearer dry when in the water. This suit keeps the wearer’s body heat, so that the body temperature will not going down in the cold water. Because of doesn’t have buoyancy material, the use of immersion suit usually together with lifejacket.
·Thermal Protective Aid (TPA) = a waterproof ‘body-warming coat’ which help the wearer to recover their body heat. The TPA must cover the whole body, except the face.
·General alarm = 7 short blast + 1 long blast àProceed to master station bring Lifejacket and Immersion Suit, wait the next instruction!
·Man Over Board= 3 long blast à Act as per duty on Muster List!
·Fire =Continuous Ringing Alarm àAct as per duty on Muster List!
IALA= International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities. (now)
·Lateral Buoy= The buoys which indicating side of the vessel to keep with, while entering or leaving port.
IALA A: Adopted by most of the country around the world (Except American Continental, Japan, and Philippine).
Entering portàRed Lateral for port side and Green Lateral for Starboard side.
IALA B: Adopted by North America, South America, Japan and Philippine.
Entering portàGreen Lateral for port side and Red Lateral for Starboard side.
*easy to memories: Red to port in Region A and red to starboard in Region B.
·Cardinal buoy = Cardinal marks are used to indicate where the mariner may find the best navigable water, or in other words indicate the safe side on which to pass a danger. The mariner is safe if he passes N of a North mark, E of an East mark, S of a South mark and W of a West mark.
East3 flashes in a group
South6 flashes in a group followed by a long flash. The long flash (of not less than 2 seconds
duration) is to ensure that 6 flashes cannot be mistaken for 3 or 9.
West9 flashes in a group
*easy to memories: the number of flashes in each group can be associated with the clock face:
3 o’clock – East9 o’clock – West
6 o’clock – South12 o’clock (Flash continuously) – North
·lsolated Danger marks =lsolated Danger marks indicate there is shallow water around them, and limits the navigable water area all around them.
Isolated Danger Mark
·Safe Water marks= Safe Water marks used to indicate that there is navigable water all round a mark.
Safe Water Mark
·Special Marks = Special Marks may be used to indicate to the mariner a special area. The note will be available on the Chart, Sailing Directions or Notice to Mariners.
·Emergency Wreck Marking Buoy = Emergency Wreck Marking Buoy is designed to provide a highly visible visual and radio aid to navigation. It will be placed as close to the wreck as possible.